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Schizophrenia Treatment In Coimbatore

Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia is a long term mental disorder that occurs in a person between the age of 16-30 years. People with schizophrenia suffer from bizarre delusions, severe hallucinations, altered perceptions, and irrational actions. More than 1 million people in India have been diagnosed with schizophrenia.

  • Types
  • Causes

The various types of schizophrenia are categorized according to the possible causes or triggers and the symptoms displayed by the sufferer.

  • Paranoid Schizophrenia– It is the commonest type of schizophrenia. The patient suffers from unsound thoughts and perception that induces paranoia and delusions. The patient is in a mental state where they believe they’re a part of a bizarre conspiracy and there are people who want to harm them.
  • Disorganized Schizophrenia– People showing unreasonable and confused thought processes that lead to incomplete conversations and low attention span can be characterized as disorganized schizophrenics./li>
  • Active Catatonic Schizophrenia- People showing hyperactivity, excitement, and heightened paranoia that leads to unusual actions and thought processes are likely to be diagnosed with active catatonic schizophrenia.
  • Inactive Catatonic Schizophrenia- Inactivity, lethargy, stillness, and loss of excitement is shown by people suffering from inactive catatonic schizophrenia.
  • Schizoaffective Disorder- This is the type of schizophrenia that induces high level of anxiety and depression along with the schizophrenic symptoms.
  • Lack of motivation, lethargy, or inactivity is often seen in people with inactive catatonic schizophrenia.
  • Hyperactivity, neurotic anxiety, hypertension, and paranoia is often observed in people with active catatonic schizophrenia.
  • Delusions, severe hallucinations, irrational perceptions, phobia, nausea, fatigue, anxiety, and depression are common in people with schizophrenia.
  • Hallucinations involves uneven perception of reality that often makes one to imagine vision, taste, smells, and feeling, without an objective stimulus.
  • Delusions are harmful to the patient as it makes them think they're being controlled by people who want to harm them. Such thoughts can lead to episodes of violent behaviour.

Causes of schizophrenia are difficult to detect. There might be many things that have still not been conclusively correlated with schizophrenia but here are some causes that have been identified:

  • Genetic Inheritance- Having a history of schizophrenia in the family increases the chances of one having the disease.
  • Neurological- Imbalances of neurotransmitters in the brain like serotonin and dopamine sets off schizophrenia in people.
  • Environmental Factors- Traumatic experiences can lead to schizophrenia. Going through traumatic experiences like military combat, recovering from a deadly disease, or being a victim of violence can lead a person to be more mentally unsound and paranoid. Any stressor or triggers can set off schizophrenia. However there isn't any concrete evidence to conclusively point out the exact cause.
  • Diagnosis

    To determine one is suffering from schizophrenia, other mental and physical disorders have to be ruled out. People who abuse drugs and alcohol often show similar symptoms.

  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia involves physical examination . One might have to go through some tests to analyze physical coordination.
  • Tests and Screenings must be done by taking a blood sample to rule out substance use.
  • Patients must go through psychiatric evaluation with a medical professional to rule out other mental illnesses.
  • Therapy- Cognitive behavioural therapy helps patients suffering from schizophrenia. It helps them to understand that their delusions aren't real and they can cope with it. Talking and communicative activities in support groups and therapist help patients get back in touch with reality.
  • Medication- Antipsychotic medications are most commonly prescribed to patients suffering from schizophrenia. These medicines help balance out the imbalances of neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin in the brain.

Dr. Syed Ummar

Consultant Psychiatrist

1 in 6 people are thought to suffer with an schizophrenia at any one time

Dr Syed Ummar is an experienced and highly empathetic Psychiatrist in coimbatore who works with young people and adults with often complex mental health problems. he bases many of his interventions on the cognitive behavioural approach.

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