Common conditions that occur in children
Eating Disorders– One of the commonest conditions in children these days suffer from, is eating disorder. Eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia nervosa are found in children as well nowadays, as opposed to older teenagers about ten years back.
These conditions might have some underlying factors like low confidence, trauma, abuse, fat shaming, and mood disorders. Eating disorder might involve irregular eating, inconsistent appetite, binge eating and lack of nutrient intake that causes harmful effects in the body.
Anxiety Disorder– This is also very common in children, especially teenagers. Adolescence is the time when a child goes through a plethora of physical and mental changes. Anxiety disorder is often a bi-product of these changes.
Conditions like social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, and post traumatic stress disorder can be found in children. These conditions arise due to bullying, physical or mental abuse, extreme academic pressure, peer pressure, parental pressure, loneliness, and disturbing family issues.
ADHD- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is an emerging disorder found commonly in children. Children having difficulty paying attention, having limited concentration and focus, along with hyperactivity may suggest that one is suffering from ADHD. The reason of ADHD may be environmental or genetics.
Autism Spectrum Disorder– This condition usually affects children at an early age. The condition makes it difficult for children to socialize and perform daily routine tasks. These children find themselves unable to focus as well, among other symptoms.
Depression- One of the commonest conditions adolescents go through is depression. There are underlying conditions to depression like bad peers, troubled social life, hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, anxiety, trauma, and more. Depression often leads to severe mental and physical pain overtime. It also makes children and teenagers more susceptible to suicidal thoughts than young adults. The signs of depression must not be ignored.
What are the signs to look for?
Behaviour Changes- Sudden shifts in behaviour and personality may indicate that a child is suffering from a psychological condition. If a child expresses feeling of recurrent sadness and intent to hurt others that child needs professional help. Violent behaviour, self harm, being unsocial, and lack of appetite are some of the sign to look out for.
- Substance Abuse- One of the common coping method adolescents fall back on is alcohol or drugs. Substances like alcohol and drugs numb down anxiety and might make a person feel euphoric when depressed. These substances have severe effects on the body and the mind. If a child is found to use substance, then that child should be taken to a psychologist.
- Physical Symptoms- Psychological conditions can lead to drastic physical changes like weight loss or excessive weight gain. Symptoms like headache and stomach aches are common in children suffering from anxiety and depression.
- Lack of Concentration- Children are often misunderstood when they underperform in academics. Lack of concentration is very common in children that can be caused by anxiety and depression. A child suffering from autism or ADHD also faces difficulties to focus. A dyslexic child can fall behind in academics and just be branded as a lazy student.